The first thing to do is to calm down, even if there appears to be a lot of blood. Blow your nose to clear your nose of blood clots. After this, firmly pinch the bleeding nostril shut by pinching the side of your nose against the septum with your thumb and index finger for at least 15 minutes.
Sit leaning forward because this prevents the blood from flowing into your throat. Spit out any blood that gathers in your mouth and throat rather than swallowing it, as it may make you nauseuous. Cold helps to contract the blood vessels, so place an ice pack or bag of ice wrapped in a towel on your forehead or neck. Letting fresh air into the room also helps you feel better.
For a few days following a nosebleed, avoid intense physical activity, sneezing and hot drinks and foods. If your nose bleeds easily, do not pick your nose, avoid hot showers and blow your nose only very gently. Also spicy foods and intense physical activity may increase nosebleeds. You can use Vitamin A drops, available from a pharmacy without prescription, for dry nasal membranes. Pharmacy staff will help you select the right product, if necessary. Running a humidifier may help add moisture to dry air in your home.
You should seek medical advice, if
- bleeding does not stop with self-care within 15 minutes.
- frequent nosebleeds disturb normal day to day life.
Emergency care professionals have produced the instruction in collaboration with Terveyskirjasto.