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Fats primarily as soft

The quantity and quality of fat in your diet have a significant effect on your sugar metabolism as well as the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

The quantity of fat can have an effect on weight control. One gram of fat contains 9 kcal. The quality of fat can have an effect on your metabolism and cardiovascular health. Most of the fat should be soft fat. A high saturated fat intake increases the build-up of fat in the liver and reduces insulin sensitivity.

The effect of fat on blood sugar

If your meal is rich in fat, your stomach takes longer to empty and the rise in your blood sugar is slower and takes a longer time compared to a normal mixed meal. In this case, you can take bolus insulin either after the meal or in two batches: some at the start of the meal, and the rest later on. Pump therapy can utilise extended or combination bolus. With a hybrid pump, you can divide the doses into two by dividing the carbohydrates entered in the dose guide into two. However, there are great individual differences, and it is necessary to keep checking your blood pressure.

In addition to the quantity of carbohydrates, there has been research into bolus insulin formulas which take into account fat or protein, but these methods are painstaking. What’s more, their suitability and practical benefits for therapy purposes are unclear.

Updated 30.9.2023