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Diet in type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 diabetes, you can eat foods that promote blood sugar control, heart health, and weight control, adapting them to suit your needs.

You should think about the way you eat by considering your current eating habits and their effect on your blood sugar and weight. What is good about your current eating habits and what should be changed?

You can plan healthy meals in different ways based on your personal preferences and energy requirements. There is no need for a separate meal plan or diabetes products. The amount of carbohydrates per meal or overall in a day may vary on an individual basis depending on consumption and the blood sugar response. The plate model is useful for each meal, including breakfast.

Focusing on weight management and heart health

As many people with type 2 diabetes are overweight, it is important to eat lighter and reduce the intake of energy to reduce the build-up of fat in the liver and start losing weight. Some can fix their blood sugar without drug therapy by losing approximately 10% of their weight.

A person with type 2 diabetes has a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. This is why the overall healthiness of food should also be considered from the perspective of arterial disease. Your food choices can make a difference in terms of preventing and treating high blood pressure or lipid metabolism disorders.

Medication and eating

In normal use, standard type 2 diabetes tablets or GLP-1 products do not result in excessively low blood sugar. Using these drugs does not necessitate any specific dietary changes.

With regard to glimepiride, which increases the amount of insulin released during a 24-hour period, even distribution of carbohydrates during the day is important. Additional carbohydrates are also usually necessary in connection with physical exercise.

If you take mealtime insulin in tablet form, you must establish the amount of carbohydrates per meal because a specific dose corresponds with a specific amount of carbohydrates.

Even when using long-acting basal insulin, the amount of carbohydrates in meals should ideally be relatively similar. Otherwise, there are no specific dietary changes required.

Updated 30.9.2023